导读： 2019届高三英语第一次联考试卷（考试时间：120分钟试卷满分：150分） 注意事项： 1.答卷前，考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。 2.回答选择题时，选出每小题答
1. What fruit does the woman use?
A. Pears. B. Oranges. C. Bananas.
2. What did the woman do today?
A. She cleaned the car.
B. She bought an umbrella.
C. She listened to the weather forecast.
3. When does the man usually do exercise?
A. In the afternoon. B. In the morning. C. At night.
4. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?
A. Father and daughter. B. Classmates. C. Teacher and student.
5. What are the speakers mainly talking about?
A. Preparing for a test. B. Eating during an exam. C. Getting a medical exam.
6. Who started to make birthdays important holidays?
A. The woman’s grandparents.
B. The man’s grandparents.
C. The woman’s parents.
7. What does the woman’s mother do for the woman’s birthday?
A. She gives her a gift of jewelry.
B. She cooks some special food.
C. She makes some beautiful clothes.
8. Why didn’t the man need to study the local language?
A. He already spoke it.
B. He didn’t want to talk to local people.
C. He could communicate in English.
9. How did the baker feel about the man at first?
A. Happy. B. A little afraid. C. Very angry.
10. What kind of food does the woman cook?
A. Thai. B. Chinese. C. Vietnamese.
11. What does the man think of the new Chinese market?
A. It’s too big. B. It has good deals. C. It has few foreign products.
12. According to the man, when is the best time to visit the market?
A. Saturday. B. Sunday. C. Monday.
13. Where does the conversation take place?
A. At a store. B. At school. C. At home.
14. How did the man get the mud?
A. He went to the Dead Sea.
B. He dug it up from the backyard.
C. He bought it from an online company.
15. What is the main color of the mud in the backyard?
A. Brown. B. Grey. C. Black.
16. Why does the girl agree to use the mud?
A. She wants her skin to feel younger.
B. She has some skin problems.
C. She is starting to get wrinkles.
17. What classes can visitors take in Bali according to the speaker?
A. Diving. B. Swimming. C. Fishing.
18. Why do some scientists come to Bali?
A. To study volcanoes.
B. To study the sea creatures.
C. To study traditional artworks.
19. What do most people of Bali do?
A. Work in tourism. B. Do agricultural work. C. Make special clothes.
20. What does the speaker think is good to do during Chinese New Year?
A. Drink traditional coffee. B. Do some shopping. C. Visit Buddhist temples.
第一节: （共15 小题；每小题2分，满分30分）
Great holidays in Europe!
Do you like the beach but want a bit more?
Then come on an Active Beach holiday at one of our centers in Greece, Turkey or Croatia. All the centers are near beautiful beaches and all offer sailing, windsurfing or waterskiing with our excellent instructors. For a change from the water, you can also book a short trip to a nearby village and visit the colorful markets or eat in a local restaurant. At the end of the day, relax in your hotel room or dance the night away at one of our open-air clubs.
Who was King Arthur? Where did he live?
Join us on a five-day UK Road Trip holiday. Imagine life hundreds of years ago as we visit ancient Stonehenge, Roman Bath and Tintagel Castle, the home of King Arthur. Learn the history of these interesting places from your guide as you travel in one of our famous blue coaches. In the evenings we stop at some of the best youth hostels in the country. They have everything you need you don t even need to pack a sleeping bag!
Are you bored with the usual holidays? Do you want to do something you really enjoy?
Then Fame Camp is for you! Spend a week at Hightree House in Yorkshire and learn how to play the piano, violin and guitar! Bring your tent and stay at a campsite near the house. At the end of the week try your new skills in a live performance .
How many countries can you see in 21days?
On our Explore Europe holiday, you can see ten! Learn about them from our best guides as you watch them go past from the window of an air-conditioned coach and stay at some of Europe's top campsites on the way. Of course, we’ll also have time to do the important things such as visiting the Eiffel Tower in Paris, the historic Sistine Chapel in Vatican and eating apple ?trudеl ?n V?еnnа.
For more information about any of these holidays, call 0845 333 4523 or visit www. comewithusuk. com.
21. Tourists who go on an Active Beach holiday .
A. can do some water sports B. can cook by themselves
C. will enjoy an open-air concert D. should bring their own sleeping bags
22. If you want to know more about Tintagel Castle, which holiday should you take?
A. Fame Camp. B. Active Beach.
C. UK Road Trip. D. Explore Europe.
23. What can we learn about Explore Europe?
A. It lasts 10 days. B. It is a coach tour.
C. It is a self-guided tour. D. It goes past 21 countries.
They were a happy family: four daughters were all in the same school in different grades. The youngest, Janice, who was in my class, seemed to be glued to her mother’s skirts．Their three older girls took the bus to school every morning, but Janice was always driven to school by her mother.
One Friday, Janice's mother asked for a talk with me. She said in a soft voice," My husband is going to Europe on business for two weeks, and he insists that I go with him. I have tried to explain over and over that Janice needs me here. But he thinks that she will be fine without me, so I have no choice, I have to go. I have told the babysitter to drive her every morning. Will you please give Janice special attention and help her? I want to be sure everything goes well for her."
I told her that we would make every effort to support Janice. I even volunteered to meet Janice at her car so she would see a familiar face. As a mother myself, I'd like to help. Janice’s mother thanked me for our understanding.
On Monday morning, expecting a tearful anxious child, I planned a special program of fun and games. I waited outside to greet Janice, but just then the bus arrived and not three, but four girls got off. Janice skipped along joyfully, saying “goodbye” to her sisters as she ran with two friends into the classroom. I walked slowly into the classroom and called Janice over to ask how the bus ride went. Impatiently she said, “Oh, I always want to take the bus with the other kids. But Mother needs to be with me. You see there won’t be any more babies, so I have to be a baby a little longer. While she is away, I'll just ride the bus every day. I am five, you know.”
24. Why did Janice’ s mother want to have a talk with the author?
A. To ask her to help Janice with her homework. B. To ask her to pick up Janice every day.
C. To ask her to give Janice more attention. D. To ask her to meet Janice at her car.
25. What did the author not do for Janice?
A. Plan a special program of fun and games. B. Wait for her outside the school.
C. Greet her when she got off the bus. D. Ask about her bus ride.
26. What did Janice look like on Monday morning?
A. She was tearful and anxious. B. She was worried about her mother.
C. She missed her mother very much. D. She was happy rather than sad.
27. What do we know from the passage?
A. Janice is too young to go school by bus. B. Janice likes taking a bus to school.
C. Janice doesn’t like her babysitter. D. Janice is no longer a child.
The idea of turning recycled plastic bottles into clothing is not new. During the last five years, a large number of clothing companies, businesses and environmental organizations have started turning plastics into fabric to deal with plastic pollution. But there’s a problem with this method. Research now shows that microfibers could be the biggest source of plastic in the sea.
Dr. Mark Browne in Santa Barbara, California, has been studying plastic pollution and microfibers for 10 years now. He explains that every time synthetic clothes go into a washing machine, a large number of plastic fibers fall off. Most washing machines can’t collect these microfibers. So every time the water gets out of a washing machine, microfibers are entering the sewers and finally end up in the sea.
In 2011, Browne wrote a paper stating that a single piece of synthetic(合成的) clothing can produce more than 1, 900 fibers per wash. Browne collected samples from seawater and freshwater sites around the world, and used a special way to examine each sample. He discovered that every single water sample contained microfibers.
This is bad news for a number of reasons. Plastic can cause harm to sea life when eaten. Studies have also shown that plastic can absorb other pollutants.
Based on this evidence, it may seem surprising that companies and organizations have chosen to turn plastic waste into clothing as an environmental “solution.” Even though the science has been around for a while, Browne explains that he's had a difficult time getting companies to listen. When he asked well-known clothing companies to support Benign by Design—his research project that seeks to get clothes that have a bad effect on humans and the environment out of the market, Browne didn’t get a satisfying answer. Only one women’s clothing company, Eileen Fisher, offered Browne funding.
28. What has happened during the past five years?
A. Fabric has become much stronger. B. Plastic pollution has been less serious.
C. Many plastic bottles have been reused. D. Microfibers have been greatly improved.
29. What does Browne think of washing synthetic clothes?
A. It is adding microfibers to the clothes.
B. It is worsening environmental problems.
C. It is making synthetic clothes last longer.
D. It is doing great damage to washing machines.
30. What can be inferred about Browne’s Benign by Design research project?
A. It has achieved great success. B. It hasn’t got anything done.
C. It is known to very few people. D. It is facing some difficulties.
31. What’s the best title for the text?
A. It’s important to learn to recycle
B. It’s never easy to solve pollution problems
C. Recycled plastic clothing: solution or pollution?
D. Are human beings moving forward or backward?
China plans to launch 156 small satellites by 2025 to provide Internet services in low signal areas and places with adverse natural environment, according to China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation (CASIC).
Due to environmental conditions of deserts, mountains and seas, half of the world's population has no access to the Internet, and the information deficiency hampers local development.
It will be China's first broadband Internet access system with small satellites hovering in low orbit, which will also help meet the needs of commercial space development.
The project, named Hongyun, plans to send the first satellite by 2019, and launch four more by 2020. By the end of 2025, CASIC plans to have all of the 156 satellites in operation.
The Hongyun Proiect, which focuses on communication, remote sensing and navigation, can offer communication and Internet services for China and less-developed 3 countries with reduced latency. Meanwhile, the project can also benefit emergency communication, sensor data collection and remote control of unmanned equipment.
Currently, international maritime satellites are widely used in communications in mountainous areas and airplanes, but those satellites, 36, 000 kilometers above the Earth, have time and signal delay as well as high cost for providing services.
The small satellites sent by the Hongyun Project will hover in low orbits only hundreds of kilometers to 1, 000 kilometers above the Earth, and thus could improve the Internet access. However, the low orbit satellites may face challenges in power supply, as they need more energy to reduce the influence of air-resistance compared to high orbit satellites. Experiments are needed to determine whether solar energy alone is enough.
32. According to the passage, ________________.
A. 156 satellites will be launched by the Hongyun Project by 2020
B. international maritime satellites can cause signal delay
C. The Hongyun Project may not encourage commercial space development
D. low orbit satellites are currently used widely in communications in mountainous areas
33. The underlined word “hampers” in Paragraph2 probably refers to ________.
A. accelerates B. determines C. prevents D. promotes
34. Which of the following is not included in the Hongyun Project?
A. Communication and Navigation. B. Remote sensing.
C. Data collection. D. Solar energy.
35. Low orbit satellites need more energy in order to________.
A. provide more accurate data B. improve the Internet access
C. reduce the effect of air-resistance D. face more challenges
Many people believe that there is some truth in the saying Laughter is the best medicine. 36 Laughter helps relieve pain, strengthen the immune system and reduce stress. Laughter stimulates(激发) hormones which make us feel happy. Laughter also increases the flow of blood throughout the body and has benefits which are similar to the ones you get by doing exercise.
37 Children exposed to funny films and cartoons before major medical procedures are able to cope better with pain and anxiety. 38 . These are professional clowns who are sent to hospitals and wards to entertain and distract sick children.
Laughter therapy has become very popular in recent years and as a result, more and more laughter clubs are starting to open up in cities and towns all over the world. At a laughter session, a trained therapist instructs the group to perform a series of exercises which are designed to produce laughter. 39 And it takes them some time to get rid of their inhibitions（心理抑制）.They might even start off with fake laughter, but this doesn’t matter because our bodies can’t tell the difference, and the results are the same. Moreover, laughter is contagious（传染的). 40
So next time you feel ill, stressed out or depressed, try watching a funny film or try remembering an amusing incident in your life. You will soon feel better.
A. If one person starts giggling, it is unavoidable that everyone else will be drawn in.
B. Laughter helps you focus.
C. This finding has led to so-called clown doctors.
D. In fact, research done by scientists has shown that laughter has a lot of health benefits.
E. Laughter makes the world a better and more colorful place.
F. Some people may find the idea embarrassing at first.
G. Using laughter therapy in children’s hospitals has proven to be invaluable.
第一节：完形填空（共20 小题； 每小题1.5分， 满分30 分）
阅读下面短文, 从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C和D）中, 选出最佳选项填入空白处。
Winters are always long and cold in North China. The winter of 2008 was especially tough in one southwestern city, 41 it became extremely cold and it was also a difficult time for me. What was worse, a(n) 42 injury happened to me and it might keep me in bed for several months, “Just in time for the Spring Festival, ” my mother said to me, sighing. But how could I feel the 43 when the snow was so heavy and I had months of physical 44 ahead?
One day I was doing my housework 45 there was a tap against the window from a branch of the troublesome fruit tree. On hearing this, with my eyes closed, slowly, I began to recall the fall of 1995 when somebody placed a pipe from my pump next to the 46 .The earth was so wet that it 47 immediately with most its bare roots upward. Seeing this, my mother 48 to pull it out, but I refused．“How hard it’s trying!” I said, 49 the direction of its strong holding of the earth. “It is 50 of a chance to survive.”With tools, we 51 dry soil around the tree and put up some supports into the ground, making it 52 upright.
Several months had passed before I could be 53 of it. Surprisingly, when spring returned, my “ rescue 54 ”had grown some leaves and many 55 . In 2009 that little rescue stick had grown into a towering tree. What an unbelievable miracle of life!
The day before the Spring Festival, the 56 at the window was continuing, the more fierce wind, the 57 sound, as if to remind me to look up and appreciate its powerful life.
That night I slept peacefully having a(n) 58 .In the dream some flowers were coming out 59 . The next morning I stood against the window. 60 the window was the tree bursting with life. Anyway, I had a wonderful Spring Festival that year.
41. A. where B. which C. when D. that
42. A. admirable B. terrible C. favorable D. slight
43. A. duty B. joy C. cold D. failure
44. A. treatment B. report C. exercise D. experiment
45. A. while B. as C. when D. that
46. A. window B. tree C. branch D. wall
47. A. stood up B. came out C. got out D. fell down
48. A. decided B. pretended C. failed D. continued
49. A. attaching to B. watching over C. looking into D. pointing to
50. A. confident B. proud C. worthy D. certain
51. A. threw B. turned C. needed D. placed
52. A. bend B. drop C. stand D. swing
53. A. aware B. tired C. worthwhile D. proud
54. A. tool B. stick C. pipe D. pump
55. A. roots B. nuts C. flowers D. stems
56. A. tapping B. striking C. attacking D. hitting
57. A. more B. most C. better D. best
58. A. idea B. walk C. rest D. dream
59. A. politely B. shyly C. passively D. wildly
60. A. On B. Outside C. Inside D. Besides
Texting while crossing the street will soon 61 (ban)in Honolulu, Hawaii. From October 24 62 , you could be fined if you step into a Honolulu street while looking at your phone. Honolulu is the first major U. S. city that passed a law, 63 says, “No pedestrian shall cross a street or highway while viewing a mobile electronic device.”
The law 64 (include )all electronic devices with screens: cell phones, tablets, gaming devices, digital cameras and laptop computers. The law does permit 65 exception. Pedestrians may use such devices in the street to call emergency services and rescue workers, such as firefighters and police 66 (officer).
67 (hope), it will lower the number of people hit and 68 (kill) by cars in the city. Pedestrian deaths in America have been increasing as the use of cell phones rises. Honolulu has 69 (many) pedestrians hit in crosswalks than almost any other city in America. The number of pedestrian deaths in 2017 70 (rise) to 6,000, 11% higher than in 2016.
I’m delighted to know you showed a great interest in Chinese table manners. Now I would like to share you how to behave properly when we are invited to dinner.
To begin with, the host will reserve a special seat for the guest, which is highly honored on such an occasion but is expected to be the first to taste the food served. Beside, chopsticks and spoons are usually used when you are eating in China. Third, you are not supposed to making a noise while eating soup. Last but not least, remember to thank the host for the delicious food he has been offered, which will surely make him happily.
I hope my advices will be of help to you.
1-5 CABCB 6-10 ABCBC 11-15 BACCA 16-20 BAABC
21-23 ACB 24-27 CCDB 28-31 CBDC 32-35 BCDC
41-45ABBAC 46-50BDADC 51-55DCABC 56-60 ACDDB
61. be banned 62. on 63. which 64. includes 65. an
66. officers 67. Hopefully 68. killed 69. more 70. rose
I’m delighted to know you showed a great interest in Chinese table manners. Now I would
like to share ^ you how to behave properly when we are invited to dinner.
To begin with, the host will reserve a special seat for the guest, which is highly honored on
such an occasion but is expected to be the first to taste the food served. Beside, chopsticks and
spoons are usually used when you are eating in China. Third, you are not supposed to making a
noise while eating soup. Last but not least, remember to thank the host for the delicious food he has been offered, which will surely make him happily.
I hope my advices will be of help to you.
How is everything going?
Our school will hold a music festival next month. I am one of the organizers. The task is a bit difficult because it is the first time that I have organized such an event.
You told me every year some interesting music events are held in your school. I know you are a music lover and have organized many music events. Would you please introduce some to me? Besides, could you give me some suggestions about how to organize my school’s music festival?
I’m looking forward to your reply.
M: What’s that smell? Are you making a chocolate cake? I smell something different…pears?
W: No, I’m making chocolate banana cookies. (1) At first, I was going to use the oranges, but I think these will taste better.
M: I saw you washed the car today. (2) I guess I’ll bring my umbrella to work.
W: Why would you do that?
M: It always rains right after you wash the car.
M: I usually work out at 6:00 in the morning. (3) But sometimes, I go after dinner around 7:00. When do you go to the gym?
W: My mornings are too busy. I have to wait until I get off work at 3:00 p.m.
W: This piece is too difficult for me. Can I practice an easier one at home?
M: Your piano playing will improve a lot if you try to master this song.
W: OK. I hope my parents won’t get tired of hearing the same thing all week! (4)
W: Can we eat food during the test?
M: Only drinks are allowed, unless you have a medical excuse.
W: I need to eat every hour, or my blood pressure will drop. (5)
M: What is the biggest holiday that your family celebrates? For my family, it’s the New Year.
W: That is a big one for us, too. But even more important are birthdays. (6)
M: Oh, why is that?
W: I think my grandparents started the tradition. (6) They met and got married when they were older. They thought they would not be able to have children. When their first baby was born, they were so happy! They decided that every birthday for their children would be a big event.
M: So that tradition passed on to your parents?
W: Right. Even now, my parents take the day off work to celebrate my birthday with me. My mother cooks a special dinner, (7) and my father gives me beautiful clothes or jewelry.
W: How was your summer trip?
M: It was great! My friend and I traveled throughout India.
W: Sounds hot. How did you get along without studying the local language? (8)
M: Most people there speak English. (8) But there were some remote places in the mountains where we had to learn a few words to communicate. Usually, it was easy. One time, though, it got a little awkward. I was asking a baker for some bread, and I said “I want money” instead of “I want bread”. The words for money and bread were so similar that I got them mixed up.
W: How did the baker react?
M: He looked a little scared but my friend quickly cleared up the confusion. (9) We ended up becoming friends with the guy, and he introduced us to more young people. Whenever we told the story of our meeting, it would make everyone laugh.
M: Have you been to the new Chinese market?
W: No, I only shop at small, local stores. That place looks huge.
M: You should really go. It has everything you could need to make your Vietnamese food, too. (10) They have imported items from several countries. The vegetables are pretty fresh, and the meat is of good quality.
W: But how are the prices?
M: There are great deals, especially for dried foods. (11) I bought a 10-pound bag of rice for five dollars. And I found two pounds of special noodles for a dollar. There are hundreds of sauces in jars. I even found a Thai sauce there that I couldn’t find anywhere else. I think you’ll be very happy with what you find at this market.
W: Well, I will check it out on Monday. I wonder if they have the pho noodles that I like a lot.
M: Probably. You should go on Saturday instead. That’s when they have the best deals. (12)
W: I hate crowds. Everyone will be going at that time.
M: Then try Sunday morning. But I don’t think the sales last all weekend.
W: What’s that on your face, Dad? You scared me! I thought you were someone who broke into the house! (13)
M: It’s mud. It’s good for your skin.
W: You mean, you just went out in the backyard and picked up some mud from the ground, and then put it on your face? (13)
M: No. I bought some mud online. (14) It comes from the Dead Sea in the Middle East. Do you see the color? It’s a beautiful grey color because of its many minerals. The mud in the backyard is mainly brown. (15) And the soil is black. The Dead Sea is famous for its health benefits. People go there from all over the world to swim in its water. Many companies ship the mud to people like me, who can’t take a trip there.
W: Does your face really feel different after you take the mud off?
M: Yes, it feels my skin is many years younger. Some of my wrinkles are even going away. Do you want to try it?
W: Well, I’m only sixteen years old. I don’t think I need to feel younger.
M: But I’ve noticed your face is very oily sometimes, and that other times it’s very dry. This mud is sure to help you with that. It clears up your skin and leaves your face looking bright and fresh.
W: I’ll try it. I’ve been feeling bad about my looks lately. Maybe this will help! (16)
One destination that is becoming popular with Chinese tourists is Bali. It is a beautiful island of Indonesia. There is a rainy season that is perfect for swimming. One of the main attractions is Bali’s diverse sea life. There are some creatures that don’t exist anywhere else in the world. Visitors who don’t know how to dive can take classes while they’re on vacation here. (17) The island is also home to several active volcanoes. Many scientific groups come to study them. (18) Even though tourism is on the rise, most of the population still works in agriculture and the fishing industry. (19) Bali also has many traditional artworks. Some popular products for sale include clothing with special designs, wood sculptures, and organic coffee. A great time to visit the island is during one of its many festivals. Since ancient times, the culture of Bali has had a lot of influence from not only Indian but also Chinese culture. Chinese New Year is widely celebrated by Indonesians who are of Chinese origin. The island of Bali has many ancient Chinese Buddhist temples that are especially good to visit during the holiday. (20)